European policies and strategies | JPI OCEANS

European policies and strategies

Several bodies at European level agree on priorities for marine and maritime research policy. In addition, marine and maritime research is partly funded through European initiatives. An overview of the broad landscape can be found below.

Strategic research agendas and visions for the future

Collaboration between research institutions in a specific geographic area or focusing on a thematic field are recently becoming more widespread to achieve further integration of marine research and infrastructure in Europe. These frameworks for long-lasting cooperation may arise from former FP7 funded projects or are actively set up to promote international cooperation. A number of these networks and consortia with a strong representation in the European research community are oriented towards the development of a vision and preparation of strategic agendas for marine research.

European policy instruments as drivers for marine research

Different policies of the European Commission (EC) with regard to coasts, seas and oceans affect marine research in Europe in a significant way.

EU science policy and organisation

Within the European Commission (EC), several entities and agencies are responsible for (marine) science policy and its implementation. The Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG Research & Innovation) is responsible for the development and implementation of European research and innovation policies. Its policy goals are oriented towards the European strategy for economic growth (Europe 2020) and innovation (Innovation Union), one of the 7 initiatives within the Europe 2020 strategy. DG Research & Innovation is also responsible for financing and for establishing financial instruments for scientific research, such as Horizon 2020.

Financial instruments for marine and maritime research

Horizon 2020 is amongst the globe’s largest publicly funded research funds, facilitating multidisciplinary research and innovation in different fields, technologies and disciplines. Replacing the Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7) and aligning it with the targeted innovation measures of the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), the programme brings all EU-level funding for research and innovation under one roof for the first time. Horizon 2020 aims at financing both competitive and cooperative research in the context of the EU goals for employment, competitiveness, living standards and the EU leadership in the global knowledge economy (Europe 2020 strategy). The goal is to achieve a European Research Area (ERA) in which free exchange of scientists and knowledge is stimulated.

Source: Compendium for Coast and Sea            

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