JPI Oceans' strategy and policy drivers | JPI OCEANS

JPI Oceans' strategy and policy drivers

JPI Oceans is a high-level strategic platform that aims to provide a long-term integrated approach to marine and maritime research and technology development in Europe. Currently, JPI Oceans is developing its Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA).

The Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda will provide the basis for the selection and implementation of joint actions. For the implementation of its activities, JPI Oceans is built on the principle of variable geometry. This implies that participating countries decide on a case-by-case basis which actions to participate in and which contributions to provide. In doing so, JPI Oceans seeks to make use of the broadest range of funding opportunities and other instruments available for research, human resources, infrastructure and innovation at regional, national and European level. These include:

  • national research funds, institutionalised investments, in-kind capacities (human resources, infrastructure)
  • structural funds,
  • grants,
  • foster networking and research alliances (across the innovation chain), and
  • mechanisms to foster open access to knowledge, data and information.


During the preliminary phase of JPI Oceans initiative, a common Vision Document was developed outlining the long-term goals and objectives of JPI Oceans. In April 2011 the Interim Management Board adopted the Vision Document together with an overview of gaps to feed the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda; an overview of the policy drivers for JPI Oceans; and a document expressing how JPI Oceans perceives its links to other JPIs.

The goals and objectives of JPI Oceans identified in the Vision Document address the intersections between the marine environment, climate change and the maritime economy enabled by observations, infrastructure, technologies and human capacities.

Goals:

  • Enable the advent of a knowledge based maritime economy, maximizing its value in a sustainable way
  • Ensure Good Environmental Status of the seas and optimize planning of activities in the marine space
  • Optimize the response to climate change and mitigate human impacts on the marine environment


Objectives:

  • Foster enabling cross-cutting marine technologies across the maritime sectors.
  • Foster the marine bio economy in relation to new products, services and jobs.
  • Create the best enabling environment to maximise the development of marine renewable energy.
  • Develop the necessary knowledge and technologies to conquer the new deep-sea frontier.
  • Understand and mitigate the impacts of climate change and the pressure from human activities on the marine environment, to reach GES (Good Environmental Status) of our seas by 2020.
  • Improve the understanding of marine ecosystems and their processes, in particular delivery of ecosystem services and the impacts of human activities.
  • Understand climate change impact on coastal areas and design marine and maritime structures and activities, to optimise mitigation and significantly reduce costly damages.
  • Develop and sustain infrastructures to support an integrated data and information base enabling industrial development and supporting maritime governance.
  • Develop a research to policy mechanism, in particular to support of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and Marine Spatial Planning and Management.
  • Foster the inter-disciplinary human capacities that are necessary to the JPI goals.


Based on these goals, objectives and the identified drivers, links, needs and gaps, JPI Oceans was assessed as mature by the European Commission in 2011. When JPI Oceans was officially launched by the Council of the European Union at the end of 2011, the European Commission was invited to offer support in the implementation of the initiative. This resulted in the kick-off of the FP7 CSA Oceans project in September 2012, which aims at shortening the time required to reach the JPI Oceans’ implementation phase.

In the framework of the project, the CSA Oceans partners, in cooperation with the governance bodies of JPI Oceans, started with the development of a Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA) and an Implementation Plan. This will provide the basis for the selection and implementation of joint actions.

To prepare the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda, the project mapped and analysed the marine and maritime science landscape in order to identify the gaps, overlaps and needs in four key areas:

  1. scientific gaps and overlaps;
  2. barriers to innovation;
  3. science to policy mechanisms;
  4. observations, infrastructures and capacity building.

This mapping and analysis was conducted through desk-top research and a broad consultation of stakeholders. In 2013 six workshops were organized which  saw more than 50 invited stakeholders taking the opportunity to provide suggestions on how JPI Oceans could add value at European level to make better use of R&D related national investments and resources.  Additionally, an online consultation was open to all organisations, associations, projects and individuals.

Finally, a questionnaire was sent to the Research Funding Agencies and Ministries of the participating countries to identify the key challenges and opportunities for the future and to gather information on functioning and mapping of national R&D and innovation systems, science to policy mechanisms, and national research strategies and programmes. The resulting input was fed into the development of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda of JPI Oceans. 

The JPI Oceans SRIA presents ten Strategic Areas. Actions within the Strategic Areas will vary in size, scope and duration. 

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