Integrated assessment of new pollutants | JPI OCEANS

Integrated assessment of new pollutants

Joint Action Facts
Action period: January 2019 - December 2020
Strategic area:
  • Interdisciplinary Research for Good Environmental Status
Type of action:
  • Knowledge hub
Lead countries:
  • Norway
  • Spain
More Information
Secretariat Contact:

Tom Redd

Tel. +32 (0) 2626 1668

 

About

The knowledge hub on integrated assessment of new pollutants is a networks consisting of selected experts from JPI member countries. It will look into the need to improve the methodological basis for marine chemical status assessment, e.g. by focusing on increasing the efficiency of integrated assessment methodologies.

Each participating country is responsible for nomination and funding (in-kind and/or cash) of experts that join the network. The hub will meet four times over a period of 24 months. The key milestones are:

  • Kick-off meeting in January 2019 (agenda under 'Related docs')
  • Three more meetings of experts: two during 2019 and one in the first quarter of 2020
  • Draft report from the knowledge hub to be presented to the Steering Committee in April 2020
  • Final report to be produced by December 2020

Objectives

As an outcome of this information exchange, the JPI Oceans Knowledge Hub will generate a report presenting the currently most appropriate methodology(-ies) for integrated assessments of effects of new pollutants, taking account of the above rationale for a knowledge hub. Further an overview of relevant improvements and refinements of existing methodology(-ies) will be given. This includes also research found necessary for improved effect/hazard studies, monitoring and sampling on the level of new and emerging pollutants. It is anticipated that a set of political, economic and social dimensions will be included as the source and impact of pollutants are utterly linked with society. The report should provide specific recommendations on actions that can be initiated by JPI Oceans.

Impact

JPI Oceans intends to mobilise scientific critical mass to address this challenge, by:
  • Finding appropriate scientific critical evaluators for coordination work of the joint action;
  • Improving the exchange of ongoing activities on ecotoxicological research with monitoring institutions;
  • Building human and technical capacity in ecotoxicological research;
  • Providing a platform for dialogue among scientists to address the question of efficiency of possible integrated methods in view of their more widespread application
  • Contribute so that the resulting scientific conclusions are used by environmental authorities, finally leading to adjustment of their monitoring activities.

Background

The Water and Marine Strategy Framework Directives (WFD and MSFD) have established mechanisms to evaluate ‘chemical quality’ such as Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) for chemical hazardous substances. The ‘substance by substance’ approach of EQS requires a sound basis in relevant ecotoxicological data. However, even for known contaminants, sometimes assessment is very onerous due to e.g. the need to compare with very low limit values (which are based on known ecotoxicological information but also reflect uncertainty factors introduced as a safety when there is an absence of good ecotoxicological data, which is the case for marine biota).This means that a significant part of monitoring efforts is already so expensive that it often puts a break on any prospects of extending or redirecting the scope of routine monitoring. As a result, the current monitoring approaches may not address the total risk from chemical substances in a balanced way.
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